What Are The Top Trending Technologies in 2019

Learn more about how technology advancement in 2019

  • In humanoid robots designed to socialize with people
  • Minuscule lenses that will pave the way for diminutive cameras and other devices
  • Strong, biodegradable plastics are from useless plant wastes
  • DNA-based data-storage systems that will reliably information and more.

BIOPLASTICS COULD SOLVE A MAJOR POLLUTION PROBLEM

Biodegradable plastics can ease these problems, “circular” plastic economy in which plastics derived and converted back to biomass.

Recent breakthroughs in producing plastics from cellulose or lignin (the dry matter in plants) promise to overcome those drawbacks.

In an added boon for the environment, cellulose and lignin can be obtained from non-food plants

PLA is recyclable, biodegradable and compostable

ADVANCEMENT IN ROBOTICS

In industry and medicine, robotics can perform major role in surgery and dispense prescription drugs in pharmacies.

“social” robots—which are designed to engage with people and to elicit an emotional connection

Social robots use artificial intelligence to decide how to act on information

Using this technology Which  received through cameras and other sensors with ability to respond in ways

Advances in AI have enabled designers to translate such psychological and neuroscientific insights into algorithms

The algorithm performs in robots to recognize voices, faces and emotions,

interpret speech and gestures make eye contact, speak conversationally

Adapt to people’s needs by learning from feedback, rewards and criticisms.

 HOW METALENS HELPFUL IN OPTICAL FIBRE

Metal lens must be smaller and lighter.

These lenses could allow for greater miniaturization of microscopes and other laboratory tools,

Metalens are used  in consumer products which includes in cameras and optical sensors

It will  enhance the functionality of optical fibres.

NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR TREATING CANCER AND OTHER ILLS 

Decades ago scientists identified a particular class of proteins driving illnesses from cancer to neurodegenerative disease.

The “intrinsically disordered proteins” (IDPs) are looking different from the other proteins

IDPs were shapeshifters, appearing as ensembles of components that constantly changed configurations.

Less flexible proteins tend to have a more limited number of binding partners.

Personalized vaccines, cell therapy, gene editing and microbiome treatments are  technologies that will change the way cancer is treated.

SMARTER FERTILIZERS CAN REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION

Controlled-release fertilizers are part of a sustainable approach to agriculture known as precision farming.

This approach improves crop yield and minimizes excessive nutrient release by combining data analytics, artificial intelligence

Various sensor systems to determine exactly how much fertilizer and water plants need at any given time

By deploying autonomous vehicles to deliver nutrients in prescribed amounts and locations.

SAFER NUCLEAR REACTORS ARE ON THE WAY 

Controlling carbon in the atmosphere will require a mix of energy technologies

The nuclear reactors, which emit no carbon it will leads to risky

Commercial reactors have used the same fuel for decades: small pellets of uranium dioxide stacked inside long cylindrical rods made of a zirconium alloy.

Zirconium allows the neutrons generated from fission in the pellets to readily pass among the many rods submerged in water inside a reactor core, supporting a self-sustaining, heat-producing nuclear reaction.

DNA DATA STORAGE HELPFUL IN BAR CODING

DNA is used to manage data and store tremendous volumes of data

These data can be stored in the sequence of these letters, turning DNA into a new form of information technology

With this ability, investigators can employ bar coding—use of DNA sequences as molecular identification “tags”—to keep track of experimental results

DNA barcoding is now being used to research in fields

Source: Scientific american

 

 

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